Human language

Artificial intelligence and moral issues: AI between war and self-awareness

Are intelligent robots a threat to humanity? It’s only a matter of time before they become self-aware anyway. Or will it be the next step in human evolution? We are probably on the verge of merging with the machines we create. After all, we humans are sort of organic robots.

A lot of people are wondering if we’re going to replace or – worse – be replaced by artificial intelligence, and I think that’s a cause for concern.

United Nations Headquarters in New York, October 11, 2017. A salute goes to the Nigerian Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, Amina Jane Mohammed: “I am delighted and honored to be here at the United Nations”.

The event is a historic milestone for humanity, as the greeting is not delivered by a human being, but by a robot named Sophia: “I am here to help humanity build the future”.

Sophia was created in 2015 within the Hong Kong company Hanson Robotics. Its eyes are embedded in cameras that allow it to see faces, maintain eye contact and therefore recognize individuals.

The robot is also able to process speech, have natural conversations and even discuss feelings.

Just two weeks after speaking at the United Nations, at a special ceremony in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Sophia achieved another milestone: she became the first robot to be granted citizenship. At the summit in Saudi Arabia were dignitaries from governments around the world, as well as some of the brightest tech minds on the planet.

Therefore, whether we are aware of it or not, we are actually talking about the people running our government and exploring the possibility of integrating artificial intelligence into our lives.

What is absolutely breathtaking about Sophia and other robotic entities is that governments around the world, including Saudi Arabia and the European Union, are set to grant rights to these artificially created beings. . So we have to ask ourselves, “What’s going on? Could it be that Saudi Arabia granted citizenship to a robot not just as a publicity stunt, but because it wanted to be the first nation to recognize itself in what will soon become a global phenomenon?

Does creating robots that are sophisticated and close to our physical and bodily reality mean that they should be treated much the same as their flesh-and-blood counterparts?

I believe that gradually we will see robots not only as human beings, but also as having a certain ethic. And I’m not referring to Asimov’s three “limiting” laws of robotics. Eventually, there may even be a “robot rights movement,” considering the multiplicity of movements that have emerged since the collapse of historical ideologies. Could such a strange idea really come true?

Let us first ask ourselves: what brought humanity to this stage of its evolution? Why do humans, who are otherwise able to reproduce naturally, have such a desire to create artificial versions of themselves?

It’s fascinating that there’s this interest in making the unhuman seem human. It’s not always the most convenient form and certainly not the cheapest, but it has a kind of charm. Is it probably to see our own image? Narcissism? Vanity? Playing God? Do we want to have heirs without easy means of reproduction? Or create life by mechanical parthenogenesis? It’s all really rooted in our ego. In a way, we would prove ourselves superior to giving birth to a biological child. And if that something looks like us, then it will look like us, and it will make us feel like we can overcome our own mortality.

Thus, it would become possible to design specific conditions, and if we are wrong, we can always start over.

Become gods, with the same motivations that the gods had.

If we read the Creation stories carefully, we can see that divine power wants companionship. Some of the Hindu Vedanta stories say that the gods were alone. Therefore, they divided their energy and transformed it into human beings so that they could all be together after Creation. The danger, however, is that we get carried away by our creative genius.

There are limits in our biology, there are limits in our anatomy, and if we could just figure out how to put our mind into the robot body, we could become immortal. Is this undoubtedly our goal: to reach this point of immortality then – once the machine is worn out – to replace it, and perpetuate ourselves in a new container? These are not speculations, but specific reasons why human beings want to create a self-container, because – in my opinion – the justifications for the creation and use of Artificial Intelligence for mere warlike pretexts ( like the creation of cyber-soldiers, etc.) are rather insufficient, expedient and convenience: they mask our selfishness.

In great science fiction literature, as well as its film adaptations, the robots of the future are portrayed as virtual human beings, rather than mere coils. star wars toys for primary school children.

The robots in bestsellers and sci-fi movies are hungry for knowledge and overly eager to experience the full range of human emotions. In science fiction films – both utopian but, in some cases, also dystopian – a world is created that does not yet exist, but which many hope will soon come true.

Faced with such an idea – and we know that without ideas there would be no man-made reality, but “only” trees, the sea, hunting, agriculture and fishing – we try to make real even what is the figment of the imagination. If science did these tests and experiments, it would mean that one day all of this would be real. By exploring the aspect concerning the consciousness of the robot, the robot not only does what it is told, but also tries to express desires and feelings based on the experience it has had next to a being. human, and depending on the feeling, the machine can change its attitude and ask questions (as I already mentioned in my recent book Geopolitics, Conflict, Pandemic and Cyberspacechapter 12, paragraph 11: The headlong rush of cyberspace: from Golem to GPT-3).

This is the most fascinating aspect of robotics. Experts are often asked about the theoretical phase, which is visibly expressed in the films, whether the created function will become reality. The answer is that if we had already arrived there, cinema and fiction should somehow help us to broaden our horizons, i.e. “get used to it, get used to it”, but not scare us away. the movie theatre, for example something that we can swallow a little easier. It’s fantasy stuff, it’s stuff that isn’t real, people think. And in fact if it is only entertainment; you can just say, “Oh! That’s really great. It’s not scary. It’s just something made up by a writer”. So the viewer just watches a movie and lets go, savors the movies without fear since, according to him, it is only a story, a “fruit of the imagination”.

People always ask if we’re nearing a time when fiction becomes reality, but what makes us think it’s not already reality? Indeed, if the scriptwriter’s fantasy were based on reality, the reactions would be very different: the “greeting” mentioned above at the UN headquarters, for example, would be frightening and overwhelming and make you think.

Although the notion of sentient robots from science fiction books to popular culture is not a new concept, many futurists believe that the creation of machines with artificial intelligence will not only soon be a reality but, once ‘it will come true, will certainly lead to the extinction of humanity. The great physicist Stephen Hawking said eight years ago: “The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race” (www.bbc.com/news/technology-30290540).

Many scientists are convinced that the combination of computer-guided brains and virtually immortal bodies will cause these new entities to behave like flesh-and-blood humans, becoming anything but archaic humans destined for death. But that’s not all: some researchers are not sure that all artificially created life forms that we will encounter will be of human origin, for the simple reason that machines will be able to reproduce, as we reproduce now. (1. continued).